Dysmenorrhea and heavy menstrual bleeding could be caused by uterine fibroids. When menstrual irregularities occur, such as heavy bleeding or irregular cycles, in addition to possible causes such as work stress and dietary habits, there is also a chance that they are caused by uterine fibroids. Dr. So Chun Hong , a specialist in obstetrics and gynecology at Matilda International Hospital, pointed out that although the vast majority of uterine fibroids are benign and the risk of the disease is relatively low, the resulting symptoms will definitely affect the quality of life of patients and should not be ignored.

Uterine fibroids commonly cause an increase in menstrual flow

Uterine fibroids are tumors that grow on the uterine muscle and are a fairly common condition. Dr. So said, "Three to four out of ten women have had uterine fibroids, and there are differences in size and location." Different locations refer to the fact that uterine fibroids can be subdivided into three types according to their location: submucosal fibroids, intramural fibroids, and subserosal fibroids, and the symptoms they produce will also vary depending on the location.

If a subserosal fibroid appears and its size gradually increases, it may press against other organs. If it presses against the bladder, it may cause various urinary problems, such as frequent urination, incomplete urination, and difficulty urinating. Subserosal fibroids may also affect the implantation of a baby or embryo, thus affecting the chances of pregnancy. Submucosal fibroids may cause menstrual problems, including heavy bleeding, long periods, and blood loss. Intramural fibroids may grow into the serosal or submucosal layers, causing deformities of the uterine cavity or serosal surface. At present, the medical community has not been able to determine the cause of uterine fibroids, but there are also some risk factors that increase the risk of uterine fibroids, including genetics, obesity, and never having given birth.

Early uterine fibroids have no obvious symptoms

Since early uterine fibroids have no obvious symptoms, more cases are accidentally discovered during routine examinations. If a woman suspects that she has uterine fibroids, she can seek medical assistance. The doctor will first take a detailed history and then further observe whether there are fibroids in the uterus through ultrasound. When a diagnosis of uterine fibroids is made, if the patient has no symptoms, the doctor will recommend monitoring the size of the fibroids through regular check-ups. If symptoms have already appeared, the doctor may prescribe medication to alleviate the symptoms, and when necessary, surgery may be performed to remove the fibroids.

Dr. So emphasized the importance of regular check-ups for women with a history of uterine fibroids, as well as those experiencing symptoms such as heavy menstrual bleeding, irregular periods, or pelvic pain. He noted that early detection and treatment can significantly improve the quality of life for patients.

In addition to medical treatments, there are also lifestyle changes that can help manage the symptoms of uterine fibroids. These include maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and reducing stress.

In summary, uterine fibroids are a common condition that can cause a range of symptoms, including heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic pain. While the exact cause is unknown, certain risk factors such as genetics and obesity have been identified. Regular check-ups and early detection are important for managing the condition and improving the quality of life for patients.


Articles on this website are informative only and not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. They should not be relied upon for specific medical advice.

Information provided by:
Dr. SO Chun Hong

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