Menopause is a natural process that all women go through. It marks the end of menstruation and is usually accompanied by a variety of symptoms, both physical and emotional. It typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. However, it can happen earlier or later in life depending on a variety of factors, including family history and certain medical conditions. Some women may experience more severe symptoms that negatively impact their quality of life. This is known as menopausal syndrome.

Signs and symptoms of menopause

The most common symptoms of menopause are hot flushes and vaginal dryness. These symptoms can vary from woman to woman and may also change over time. Other symptoms include:

  • mood swings
  • irritability
  • anxiety
  • difficulty sleeping
  • fatigue
  • changes in sexual desire or function
  • joint pain
  • problems with concentration or memory
  • a decrease in bone density, which can lead to osteoporosis
  • stress incontinence

If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see your doctor for diagnosis and treatment.


Treatment of menopause

There are a number of treatment options available for menopause. The most common approach is to relieve symptoms with medication or hormone therapy. Other treatments include:

  • lifestyle changes, such as increasing physical activity and reducing stress
  • dietary changes
  • supplements

Hormone therapy
Hormone therapy is a common treatment for menopause. It involves taking oestrogen and progesterone supplements to help relieve symptoms. This approach is usually recommended for women who are experiencing severe symptoms or who have health conditions that may be affected by menopause. However, hormone therapy can also come with some risks, including an increased risk of developing certain types of cancer. It is important to discuss the pros and cons of hormone therapy with your doctor before deciding if it is right for you.

There are a number of supplements that may be able to help relieve menopausal symptoms, however, more evidence is needed to support the usage. It is important to discuss the use with your doctor to make sure they are safe for you.

 Tips to deal with hot flushes:
  • Drink plenty of fluids, especially cold drinks
  • Wear light clothing and avoid spicy foods
  • Take a cool bath or shower
  • Use a fan or air conditioning
  • Place a cold pack on your forehead
  • Try relaxation techniques, such as yoga or meditation

 Menopause 2
Getting support

Menopause can be a difficult time for many women. It is important to have a support system during this time. This may include family and friends, as well as support groups or online forums. It is also useful to find a trusted medical professional that can support you through the process as well as give you recommendations as required.

Tips to deal with mood changes:

  • Seek support from family and friends
  • Talk to your doctor if you are feeling down or suicidal
  • Join a support group or online forum
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat healthy foods
  • Get enough sleep

Tips to deal with vaginal dryness

  • Use a water-based lubricant during sexual activity
  • Apply a moisturizer to your vagina regularly
  • Take over-the-counter medications for pain relief
  • Insert a vaginal oestrogen tablet or cream
  • Consider using a vaginal ring or cream that contains oestrogen

Articles on this website are informative only and not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. They should not be relied upon for specific medical advice.

If you would like to speak to a medical professional, contact us or click here to book an appointment with our doctors.

Information provided by:
Dr. HUI Min Yee, Linda

Reference from:
Department of Health, HK