The gut needs a balance of various components to function optimally. Among these are probiotics and prebiotics, two key players that work together to become synbiotics. Synbiotics, a term coined to describe the symbiotic relationship between probiotics and prebiotics, offer a myriad of benefits for our gut health.


Probiotics are friendly bacteria, live organisms, that work to maintain balance and harmony, offering a range of health benefits when consumed in adequate amounts.

One of the primary functions of probiotics is to support digestion and nutrient absorption. They aid in breaking down food and extracting essential nutrients, ensuring our bodies receive the nourishment they need. Probiotics also play a vital role in supporting a healthy immune system, as a significant portion of our immune cells reside in the gut. By modulating the immune response, probiotics help protect against harmful pathogens and reduce the risk of infections.


Prebiotics are the fuel for the growth and activity of probiotics. Prebiotics are non-digestible fibers that serve as food for probiotics, stimulating their growth and enhancing their beneficial effects.

Prebiotics remain undigested as they pass through the upper gastrointestinal tract, reaching the colon where they are fermented by probiotics. This fermentation process produces byproducts, such as short-chain fatty acids, that nourish the colon cells and support their proper functioning.


By promoting regular bowel movements and preventing constipation, prebiotics contribute to the gut’s overall health. They also help maintain a healthy gut barrier, preventing the entry of harmful substances into the bloodstream and reducing the risk of gut-related disorders.

Working together, probiotics and prebiotics create synbiotics. Synbiotics enhance the benefits of both probiotics and prebiotics, working synergistically to optimize our gut health. This combination enhances the survival and colonization of probiotics in the gut, maximizing their potential benefits.

Synbiotics have been shown to have a range of health benefits, including improved digestion, enhanced nutrient absorption, and strengthened immune function. They may also help alleviate symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders.

Common Dietary Sources of Probiotics Common Dietary sources of prebiotics
Yogurt Whole oats
Cheese Barley
Pickled cucumbers Asparagus
Japanese miso Honey
Sourdough bread Garlic
Garlic Onion

Articles on this website are informative only and not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. They should not be relied upon for specific medical advice.

Information provided by:
Catering Department and the Dietitian